Newly Discovered Inflammation Inhibitor Has Potential in Alzheimer’s Disease

Newly Discovered Inflammation Inhibitor Has Potential in Alzheimer’s Disease
A collaboration between scientists from Dublin's Trinity College (Ireland) and the University of Queensland (Australia) identified a compound able to inhibit an inflammatory process common to many diseases, including Alzheimer’s disease. The study entitled “A small-molecule inhibitor of the NLRP3 inflammasome for the treatment of inflammatory diseases” was published on line in the journal Nature Medicine. Pathogenesis of several diseases, including Alzheimer’s, have a strong inflammatory component. Inflammatory processes can be triggered by molecules of the NOD-like receptor (NLR) family such as NLRP3. Once activated, this molecule leads to a cascade of events known as the NLRP3 inflammasome that ultimately causes the production of inflammatory factors. Aberrant activation of NLRP3 is responsible for increased inflammatory responses in complex diseases such as multiple sclerosis, Muckle-Wells syndrome, type 2 diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease and atherosclerosis. Targeting this molecule can overcome the side effects of other anti-inflammatory drugs commonly used: "Drugs like aspirin or steroids can work in several diseases, but can have side effects or be ineffective. What we have found is a potentially transformative medicine, which targets what appears to be the common disease-c
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