Rosa Parks Often known as "the Mother of the Freedom Movement," the civil rights campaigner, Rosa Parks, was arrested in 1955 after she refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white person in Montgomery, Alabama. After dedicating her life to the movement, Rosa retired and wrote her autobiography. She died in October 2005 at the age of 93. Protein linked to Alzheimer’s disease shows potential to improve memory. Find out more.