4 Medications for Alzheimer’s Memory Loss

Memory loss is one of the most recognized signs of Alzheimer’s disease. Although there’s no way to slow down or stop the progression of the disease, there are medications that can help with memory loss and confusion and improve cognitive ability. These medications activate certain brain chemicals that influence the signals between nerves, according to the Alzheimer’s Association.

MORE: The seven stages of Alzheimer’s disease

Early to Moderate Stage Alzheimer’s Disease
A class of medications called cholinesterase inhibitors is used to treat cognitive issues in early to moderate stage Alzheimer’s. These work by slowing down or delaying the deterioration of the chemical messenger acetylcholine and are generally well tolerated, although some patients report side effects such as nausea, vomiting, increased bowel movements and loss of appetite.

The three most commonly prescribed forms of cholinesterase inhibitors are:

  • Donepezil (Aricept)
  • Rivastigmine (Exelon)
  • Galantamine (Razadyne)

Moderate to Late Stage Alzheimer’s Disease
As the disease progresses, memory loss and other cognitive issues will become more pronounced. Along with cholinesterase inhibitor donepezil, another type of medication, memantine (Namenda), can also be prescribed for patients with moderate to late stage Alzheimer’s. Memantine regulates the activity of the brain chemical called glutamate which is responsible for the storing, processing and retrieving of memories. It can improve cognitive function and allow people to carry out their daily activities easier.

Some of the possible side effects of memantine include headaches, dizziness, confusion and constipation.

MORE: Could an insulin nasal spray be used to treat Alzheimer’s disease?

Alzheimer’s News Today is strictly a news and information website about the disease. It does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. This content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this website.

3 comments

  1. Joyce Roskob says:

    Those drugs you name Do Not Work. My Mother Aricept 20 years ago. Did Nothing !! I am here Daughter also have Alzhemiers at 68. I am on the Infusion ADUCANUBAM
    It is WORKING !!! I Have been on it one year.
    Do your research !!

    • Jim Deitrick says:

      My wife who is 69 also tried these drugs to no avail and actually got worse. How and where can I get her on the Infusion ADUCANUBAM? Are there any side effects?

  2. Tony Hogben says:

    ….I am living with Younger Onset Dementia, and I have been taking a drug not for Dementia since mid 2010 , and it works !!!….I was dying rather rapidly , now I am living again…
    …Tony Hogben , Bribie Island , Queensland , Australia….

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